The Project

ECCSEL (European Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage Laboratory Infrastructure) is a pan-european infrastructure that links the best European facilities on CCS (CO2 Capture and Storage) and promotes the building of new ones, to improve the knowledge and skills on this important topic. For more info, visit:

OGS contributes to ECCSEL through the development and management of two natural laboratories, that is sites characterized by natural CO2 emissions, located in Panarea (Aeolian Islands - offshore site) and in Latera (Viterbo province - onshore site).

This action, seen as an Italian added value to the development of ECCSEL, has been financed by the Italian Ministry of University and Research (MIUR) in the frame of the call for Italian Infrastructures with a European relevance. The project acronym is ECCSEL - NatLab Italy.

The laboratory

The Latera site is unique to:

  • accurately study the CO2 transport mechanism in the near surface;
  • cross-calibrate and test innovative instruments to monitor CO2 leakages onshore, even with low concentrations;
  • evaluate the impact of CO2 leakages on the terrestrial ecosystem and the relative recovery time;
  • test the efficiency of monitoring techniques in the short, medium and long term.

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The sensors

A fixed sensors network has been developed by CERI (University of Rome La Sapienza). It constantly monitors CO2, Ph, and temperature in the caldera.

Some portable systems have been developed by OGS and can measure CO2, temperature and humidity. They are at the disposal of the users who want to map the gas emissions in the caldera even on a large scale.

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Data acquired by the fixed and mobile sensors can be consulted on this website and are at the disposal of the international scientific community referring to ECCSEL, in order to perform innovative researches.

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